Volume 2, Issue 2 (4-2020)                   sjis 2020, 2(2): 1-12 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rahimian H, Abbaspour A, Hedayati F, Mehregan M. Validating the Healthy School Conceptual Model with an Emphasis on Organizational Health Dimension Using Structural Equation Modelling. sjis. 2020; 2 (2) :1-12
URL: http://sjis.srpub.org/article-5-57-en.html
Department of Management and Educational Planning, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (365 Views)
The aim of this study is to identify the dimensions of a healthy school in an Iranian context. The study employed a mixed method approach to address the research questions. In the qualitative part, the study population consists of a number of experts in educational sciences using a Delphi technique, and the study samples were selected based on a purposive sampling method with a sample size of 20 experts. In the quantitative part, the study population involves all primary schools in Mazandaran Province, Iran. A multi-stage quantitative sampling method was applied to select the samples. A total of 210 primary schools were participated in the quantitative study. After three Delphi rounds, the most important dimensions of a health school are educational principal, educational leadership, teacher’s attitude, school culture, organizational commitment, teacher’s citizenship behavior, job satisfaction, educational achievement, and students’ general health. The model obtained from the qualitative validation was tested in the quantitative study. Nine questionnaires were conducted to collect data in quantitative study. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine validity and reliability. Of 19 hypotheses, the results of the structural model support 10 hypotheses. This study suggests that both general and organizational health are key factors to achieve a healthy school.
Full-Text [PDF 658 kb]   (95 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Promotion Approaches
Received: 2019/12/21 | Accepted: 2020/03/25 | Published: 2020/04/1

1. Abdullah, A. G. K., & Arokiasamy, A. R. A. (2016). The Influence of School Culture and Organizational Health of Secondary School Teachers in Malaysia. TEM Journal, 5(1), 56-59.
2. Alaghehband, A. (2007). Theoretical foundations and the principles of educational management. Tehran: Ravan Publication. [in Persian]
3. Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of occupational and organizational psychology, 63(1), 1-18. [DOI:10.1111/j.2044-8325.1990.tb00506.x]
4. Alqarni, S. A. Y. (2016). Linking Organizational Health in Jeddah Secondary Schools to Students' Academic Achievement. Educational Research and Reviews, 11(7), 328-338. [DOI:10.5897/ERR2015.2607]
5. American School Health Associations. (2013). The Wellness Impact: Enhancing Academic Success through Healthy School Retrieved from www.genyouthfoundation.org.
6. Berry, M. A. (2002). Healthy School Environment and Enhanced Educational Performance: The Case of Charles Young Elementary School, Washington, DC.
7. Blum, R. (2007). Best practices: building blocks for enhancing school environment. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
8. Brosnahan, C. (2011). The impact of a school's organizational health on student achievement. (PhD), University of Houston, Houston.
9. Buchweitz, O., Wülfing, P., & Malik, E. (2005). Interobserver variability in the diagnosis of minimal and mild endometriosis. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 122(2), 213-217. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2005.02.002] [PMID]
10. Buluc, B. (2015). Relationship between Instructional Leadership and Organizational Health in Primary Schools. Anthropologist, 19(1), 175-183. [DOI:10.1080/09720073.2015.11891652]
11. Byrne, B. M. (1998). Structural equation modeling with LISREL, PRELIS, and SIMPLIS: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. New Jersey: Psychology Press.
12. Corbin, C. B., Welk, G. J., Corbin, W. R., & Welk, K. A. (2008). Concepts of Fitness and Wellness: A Comprehensive Lifestyle Approach (7th ed.): McGraw-Hill.
13. DiPaola, M. F. & Tschannen-Moran, M. (2001). Organizational citizenship behavior in schools and its relationship to school climate. Journal of School Leadership, 11, 424-447. [DOI:10.1177/105268460101100503]
14. DiPaola, M. F. , Tarter, J. C. & Hoy, W. K. (2005). Measuring Organizational Citizenship in Schools: The OCB Scale, Information Age Publishing, and Charlotte, NC.
15. Dixon, L. N. (2014). Leadership Practice Differences in Positive Climate Schools. (PhD), University of South Carolina, Columbia.
16. Elliott, S. N., & Clifford, M. (2014). Principal assessment: Leadership behaviors known to influence schools and the learning of all students: Document No. LS-5). Recuperado de http://ceedar. education. ufl. edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/LS-5_FINAL_09-26-14. pdf.
17. Farahani, M. F., Mirzamohamadi, M. H., Afsouran, N. R., & saied Mohammadi, S. (2014). The Study of the Relationship of Organizational Health of the Schools and that of the Student's′ Academic Achievement (A Case Study of High schools of Kohkilouie and Boierahmad Province, Iran 2011). Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 109, 628-633. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.518]
18. Freiberg, H. J. (1999). School climate: Measuring, improving, and sustaining healthy learning environments. London: Routledge Falmer.
19. Frueauff, R. L. (1998). Organizational health and the influences that enable and constrain the development of healthy schools. (PhD), Arizona State University, Arizona.
20. Gettys, J. (2003). The effect of school size on school climate in the middle schools ofSouth Carolina. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of South Carolina, Columbia.
21. Grant, A. M., Fried, Y., & Juillerat, T. (2011). Work matters: Job design in classic and contemporary perspectives. In S. Zedeck (Ed.), APA handbook of industrial and organizational psychology Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. [DOI:10.1037/12169-013]
22. Harris, A. (2002). Effective leadership in schools facing challenging contexts. School Leadership & Management, 22(1), 15-26. [DOI:10.1080/13632430220143024a]
23. Harris, S. L. (2000). Behave Yourself. Principal Leadership, 1(3), 36-39.
24. Hasson, F., Keeney, S., & McKenna, H. (2000). Research guidelines for the Delphi survey technique. Journal of advanced nursing, 32(4), 1008-1015. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2648.2000.t01-1-01567.x] [PMID]
25. Hayat, A. A., Kohoulat, N., Kojuri, J., & Faraji, H. (2015). A Study on the Relationship Between Schools' Health and Teachers' Organizational Commitment. International Journal of School Health, 2(4), 5-11. [DOI:10.17795/intjsh26099]
26. Higgins-D'Alessandro, A., & Sadh, D. (1998). The dimensions and measurement of school culture: Understanding school culture as the basis for school reform. International Journal of Educational Research, 27(7), 553-569. [DOI:10.1016/S0883-0355(97)00054-2]
27. Hoy, W. K., & Feldman, J. A. (1987). Organizational Health: The Concept and Its Measure. Journal of research and Development in Education, 20(4), 30-37.
28. Hoy, W. K., & Feldman, J. A. (1999). Organizational health profiles for high schools. In H. J. Freiberg (Ed.), School climate: Measuring, improving and sustaining healthy learning environments (pp. 84-102). London: Routledge Falmer.
29. Hoy, W. K., Tarter, C. J., & Bliss, J. R. (1990). Organizational climate, school health, and effectiveness: A comparative analysis. Educational Administration Quarterly, 26(3), 260-279. [DOI:10.1177/0013161X90026003004]
30. Hoy, W. K., Tarter, C. J., & Kottkamp, R. B. (1991). Open schools, healthy schools: Measuring organizational climate: Corwin Press.
31. Jarvis, C. B., MacKenzie, S. B., & Podsakoff, P. M. (2012). The Negative Consequences of Measurement Model Misspecification: A Response to Aguirre-Urreta and Marakas. Mis Quarterly, 36(1), 139-146. [DOI:10.2307/41410410]
32. Jöreskog, K. G., & Sörbom, D. (1993). LISREL 8: Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language: Scientific Software International.
33. Kakia, L. (2009). The relationship between performance of educational managers with organizational health in the intermediate schools. Quarterly Journal of Education, 1(25), 145-160. [in Persian]
34. Kellner, M. T. (2007). A case study of an effective elementary school: How the cultural aspects of leadership, vision, shared decision-making, collaboration, and caring and* respect affect student achievement. (PhD), Cardinal Stritch University.
35. Lee, A., Cheng, F. F., & St Leger, L. (2005). Evaluating health-promoting schools in Hong Kong: development of a framework. Health Promotion International, 20(2), 177-186. [DOI:10.1093/heapro/dah607] [PMID]
36. Leithwood, K., & Jantzi, D. (2009). A review of empirical evidence about school size effects: A policy perspective. Review of educational research, 79(1), 464-490. [DOI:10.3102/0034654308326158]
37. MacNeil, A. J., Prater, D. L., & Busch, S. (2009). The effects of school culture and climate on student achievement. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 12(1), 73-84. [DOI:10.1080/13603120701576241]
38. May, H., & Supovitz, J. A. (2011). The scope of principal efforts to improve instruction. Educational Administration Quarterly, 47(2), 332-352. [DOI:10.1177/0013161X10383411]
39. Moffitt, J. R. (2007). What works: Principal leadership behaviors that positively impact student achievement in elementary schools. (Electronic Theses & Dissertations), Jack N. Averitt College of Graduate Studies. (264)
40. Mowday, R. T., Steers, R. M., & Porter, L. W. (1979). The measurement of organizational commitment. Journal of vocational behavior, 14(2), 224-247. [DOI:10.1016/0001-8791(79)90072-1]
41. NCF. (2005). National Curriculum Framework (NCF), National Council of Educational Research and Training. Retrieved from New Dehli, India: http://www.ncert.nic.in/
42. Okoli, C., & Pawlowski, S. D. (2004). The Delphi method as a research tool: an example, design considerations and applications. Information & management, 42(1), 15-29. [DOI:10.1016/j.im.2003.11.002]
43. Powell, C. (2003). The Delphi technique: myths and realities. Journal of advanced nursing, 41(4), 376-382. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2648.2003.02537.x] [PMID]
44. Pretorius, S., & Villiers, E. d. (2009). Educators' perceptions of school climate and health in selected primary schools. South African Journal of Education, 29(1), 33-52.v [DOI:10.15700/saje.v29n1a230]
45. Ramdass, M., & Lewis, T. (2012). Towards a model for research on the effects of school organizational health factors on primary school performance in Trinidad & Tobago. International Journal of Educational Development, 32(3), 482-492. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijedudev.2011.07.002]
46. Rezaei, M., & Zainabadi, H. (2012). Organizational wellbeing of the school and the students' achievement: a causal model. Quarterly Journal of New Thoughts on Education, 8(30), 65-90. [in Persian]
47. Sergiovanni, T. J. (1995). Small Schools, Great Expectations. Educational Leadership, 53(3), 48-52.
48. Shirazi, A., & Ahmadi, Z. M. (2015). Surveying the Relationship of Ethical Organization Climate to Organizational Trust and Organizational Commitment of High School Teachers in Esfahan. Quarterly Journal of New Approaches in Educational Administration, 5(4), 41-64. [in Persian]
49. Skulmoski, G. J., Hartman, F. T., & Krahn, J. (2007). The Delphi method for graduate research. Journal of information technology education, 6, 1-21. [DOI:10.28945/199]
50. Snyder, K. J., & Anderson, R. H. (1986). Managing Productive Schools: Toward an Ecology. Ornaldo, FL: Academic Press.
51. Soleimani, N. (2011). Survey schools organizational health based on Hoy and Feldman's pattern in Tehran city. Quarterly Journal of New Approaches in Educational Administration, 1(4), 23-44. [in Persian]
52. SSLHPE (2014). Health and Safe School Environment, Society of State Leaders of Health and Physical Education (SSLHPE). Retrieved from Washington, D.C: www.thesociety.org.
53. St Leger, L. (2001). Schools, health literacy and public health: possibilities and challenges. Health Promotion International, 16(2), 197-205. [DOI:10.1093/heapro/16.2.197] [PMID]
54. Stolp, S., & Smith, S. C. (1994). School culture and climate: The role of the leader (Vol. 37): Oregon School Study Council.
55. Wang, M. C., Haertel, G. D., & Walberg, H. J. (1993). Toward a knowledge base for school learning. Review of educational research, 63(3), 249-294. [DOI:10.3102/00346543063003249]
56. Weiss, D. J., Dawis, R. V., & England, G. W. (1967). Manual for the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, Industrial Relations Center. [DOI:10.1037/t05540-000]
57. WHO. (1946). WHO definition of Health. New York: World Health Organization.
58. Zamora, R., & Hernandez, R. (2016). The Impact of Organizational Health

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email: